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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

he is as much responsible for 250,000 people losing their lives during the
insurrection as are the Germans for killing them.
" If he fell into our hands we would hand him over for trial."
The British Government and their Press, who had believed that the
dismissal of Sosnkowski " would ease the way to renewed good relations
between the Russian and the Polish Governments/' as the Daily Telegraph
had written so promptly on September 30,, were taken aback. General
Bor-Kcmorowski was in no way connected with politics and his appoint-
ment, therefore, had no political significance. In an editorial, Pravda
had commented : " The crisis of the Polish Government is too profound to
be solved by a change in personnel, on the contrary, the changes will
aggravate the internal straggle going on in the camp of these political
failures." Moscow simply wanted the submission of the Polish Army
prior to their destruction. This was, in fact, already occurring to those
Home Army troops who, at the order of General Bor, had been marching
towards Warsaw on their way to help the capital. " In the Lublin
district a detachment of 700 soldiers was dissolved," wrote Dziennik Pohki
on October 2. " The famous 2yth Infantry Division from Volyn, which
was tactically under the command of the Soviet Army and had marched
on Warsaw together with the Russians, was trapped in an ambush, dis-
armed and dissolved in the Lublin and Otwock regions, the operational
territory of General Zymierski. Units of the Home Army from the
Cracow district, marching to the aid of Warsaw, were also disarmed, and
the same applies to the 9th Infantry Division, etc."
Osubka and Zymierski^ at the October ist Press Conference in Moscow,
heaped accusation after accusation on the Polish Government^ and
threatened that, " there will not be a place in the future Government of
Poland for those responsible for the Warsaw rising. As yet we do not
possess full details about the organising of the rising," declared Zymierski,
" but when we do, we shall do our utmost to see that the authors are
punished according to their deserts."
Lyzvinski-Zymierski was fully aware that General Bor had been with
his headquarters in Warsaw from the commencement of the rising, since
Russian liaison officers had contacted him in that City. Anticipating,
however^ that, after the appointment of Bor as the new Commander-in-
Chief, orders would, no doubt, be sent for him to join the Government
in London immediately, Zymierski alleged that " Bor had never been
inside the city since it began to fight," and that " his headquarters were
at least twenty miles away," and furthermore, that he " had not established
contact with the Red Army," this last statement was true for the Polish
Commander-in-Chief had not received any answer to his dispatches from
the Russian military authorities. Even his last wire sent on September
30 to Marshal Rokossovsky, that he would be able to fight no longer than
72 hours, was not acknowledged.
Osubka-Morawski and Zymierski, addressing the bewildered foreign
318